Design District Zagreb this year longer, more diverse and even better

first_imgFestival Design District Zagreb, which was organized for the first time in June 2016, this year will be held from 13 to 18 June and offer two days of content more. In cooperation with the Zagreb Tourist Board and with the support of the City of Zagreb, the Adris Foundation and the Ministry of Culture, the festival program will be realized in cooperation with numerous partners and protagonists of cultural and entrepreneurial activities in the neighborhood, but also all selected participants.With open invitations to all interested designers, architects, artists and other creators to participate in the Green Program and the program in general, on the official website of the project www.designdistrict.hr A call for workshops during the festival and a call for the Small Shifts program were published, designed to collect quality design solutions for buildings intended for the ‘Martić area’, as well as intelligent concepts with the possibility of improving the lives and habits of neighborhood residents. Calls are open to natural and legal persons: freelance authors and author groups, art organizations, associations or companies. Registration is free and there is no registration fee. Representatives of the Festival’s organizing team will select works and projects to be exhibited in three rounds of judging, ending on April 30, 2017.Design District Zagreb is an initiative based on the idea of ​​communication unification and practical networking of all participants in the creative and cultural scene current in Martićeva Street and its immediate surroundings. It is a district bounded by Draškovićeva, Šubićeva, Vlaška and Zvonimirova streets), as well as entrepreneurial and business projects located in that part of the city.The first festival gathered 220 different participants (designers, architects, artists, activists, curators, communication experts, musicians, writers, entrepreneurs, etc.) with as many as 115 realized projects, and 84 local partners joined the initiative with their own content. Ahead of the festival and during its four days, 78 micro-locations were activated, which were visited by about 30 thousand visitors.Festival Design District Zagreb was created with the idea of ​​communication unification and active networking of all participants in the creative and cultural scene located in Zagreb’s Martićeva Street and its immediate surroundings, as well as entrepreneurial and business initiatives that are also developing in this part of the city.Design District Zagreb 2016. Photo: Marija GašparovićBy temporarily transforming the neighborhood into an interactive zone of cultural, artistic and design facilities, in accordance with the needs of the local population and open to all interested citizens and visitors, the project managed to point out in a constructive and affirmative way the need to revive unused neighborhood infrastructure. is based on the inclusion of creative content and positive cooperation of citizens, key public institutions and entrepreneurial and cultural actors. Recognized as a project of wider social significance, Design District Zagreb won the Grand Prize of the Croatian Design Society in September last year for the project that most strongly marked the Croatian design scene and its wider context in the past two years.last_img read more

In search of tinnitus, that phantom ringing in the ears

first_imgShare on Twitter Email About one in five people experience tinnitus, the perception of a sound–often described as ringing–that isn’t really there. Now, researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on April 23 have taken advantage of a rare opportunity to record directly from the brain of a person with tinnitus in order to find the brain networks responsible.The observations reveal just how different tinnitus is from normal representations of sounds in the brain.“Perhaps the most remarkable finding was that activity directly linked to tinnitus was very extensive, and spanned a large proportion of the part of the brain we measured from,” says Will Sedley of Newcastle University. “In contrast, the brain responses to a sound we played that mimicked [the subject’s] tinnitus were localized to just a tiny area.” Share on Facebook Pinterestcenter_img Share In the new study, Sedley and The University of Iowa’s Phillip Gander contrasted brain activity during periods when tinnitus was relatively stronger and weaker. The study was only possible because the 50-year-old man they studied required invasive electrode monitoring for epilepsy. He also happened to have a typical pattern of tinnitus, including ringing in both ears, in association with hearing loss.“It is such a rarity that a person requiring invasive electrode monitoring for epilepsy also has tinnitus that we aim to study every such person if they are willing,” Gander says.The researchers found the expected tinnitus-linked brain activity, but they report that the unusual activity extended far beyond circumscribed auditory cortical regions to encompass almost all of the auditory cortex, along with other parts of the brain.The discovery adds to the understanding of tinnitus and helps to explain why treatment has proven to be such a challenge, the researchers say.“We now know that tinnitus is represented very differently in the brain to normal sounds, even ones that sound the same, and therefore these cannot necessarily be used as the basis for understanding tinnitus or targeting treatment,” Sedley says.“The sheer amount of the brain across which the tinnitus network is present suggests that tinnitus may not simply ‘fill in’ the ‘gap’ left by hearing damage, but also actively infiltrates beyond this into wider brain systems,” Gander adds.These new insights may help to inform treatments such as neurofeedback, where patients learn to control their “brainwaves,” or electromagnetic brain stimulation, according to the researchers. A better understanding of the brain patterns associated with tinnitus may also help point toward new pharmacological approaches to treatment, “which have so far generally been disappointing.” LinkedInlast_img read more

Trypophobia: the fear of holes driven by the internet – and mathematics

first_imgShare Pinterest Share on Twitter The images that induce the emotional reaction would not normally be conceived of as threatening so, in this respect, trypophobia differs from many other phobias.Mathematical propertiesPhobias are anxiety disorders that are normally thought to arise because of learning (a dog bite may lead to a fear of dogs) or because of innate evolutionary mechanisms such as may underlie a fear of spiders and snakes. Usually, there is a threat, specific or general, real or imagined.In the case of trypophobia, there is no obvious threat, and the range of images that induce the phobia have very little in common with one another, other than their configuration.It appears that it is this configuration that holds the key to the emotion that the images induce. Individuals who do not profess trypophobia still find trypophobic images aversive, although they do not experience the emotion. They do so because the configuration gives the image mathematical properties that are shared by most images that cause visual discomfort, eyestrain or headache.Images with these mathematical properties cannot be processed efficiently by the brain and therefore require more brain oxygenation. In a paper, Paul Hibbard and I proposed that the discomfort occurs precisely because people avoid looking at the images because they require excessive brain oxygenation. (The brain uses about 20% of the body’s energy, and its energy usage needs to be kept to a minimum.)So trypophobic images are among those that are intrinsically uncomfortable to look at, and we are now investigating why it is that some people and not others experience an emotional response.Images of contaminants such as mould and skin diseases can provoke disgust in most people, not just those with trypophobia. The disgust is probably an evolutionary mechanism that promotes avoidance and has survival value.Images of mould and skin lesions have mathematical properties similar to those of images that are trypophobic and our current work explores whether they also induce a large oxygenation of the brain in addition to being generally uncomfortable. Perhaps discomfort is a useful mechanism not only for avoiding excessive oxygenation, but also for rapidly avoiding objects that provide a threat in terms of contamination. It may be that in people with trypophobia, the mechanism is overworking.By Arnold J Wilkins, Professor of Psychology, University of Essex and An Trong Dinh Le, PhD Candidate, University of EssexThis article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article. Since the advent of the internet, people have been able to discuss their symptoms with others globally. Sometimes people with very unusual symptoms discover others with similar experiences, which they are then able to discuss without fear of ridicule. Discussion forums and support groups are formed and eventually a new medical condition may be recognised. A case in point is “visual snow”, which individuals experience as bright dots persistently floating like snow across their vision. Another is trypophobia.Trypophobia – a “fear of holes” – is a condition which triggers individuals to suffer an emotional reaction when viewing seemingly innocuous images of clusters of objects, usually holes. The condition was first described on the internet in 2005 though it is not yet a recognised medical diagnosis.The images responsible for the emotion include natural objects such as honeycomb or the lotus seed head, and man-made objects such as aerated chocolate or stacked industrial pipes viewed end-on. Despite their seemingly innocuous nature, images such as these (ideal for sharing on the internet) can induce a variety of symptoms including cognitive changes that reflect anxiety, bodily symptoms that are skin-related (such as itchiness and goose-bumps), and physiological changes (such as nausea, a racing heart, or trouble catching breath).center_img Email LinkedIn Share on Facebooklast_img read more

Study: Young men who smoke and drink are more attractive hook ups

first_imgYoung men who smoke and drink are more attractive to women as short-term relationship partners than those who do not, which may help to account for the persistence of these risky behaviors, according to a study published in Evolutionary Psychology.Most young adults are well aware of the risks associated with using tobacco and alcohol, but young men are the most likely of all groups to engage in them. There is evidence that women find risk-taking attractive in men in short-term relationship context, but prefer more risk-avoidant men when it comes to forming long-term relationships.From an evolutionary perspective, this suggests to some psychologists that young men may be prone to taking risks with their health – including smoking and drinking – because the reproductive advantage of increased mating opportunities in the short term outweighs the long-term costs of elevated incidence of cancer and other diseases. Email Researcher Eveline Vincke, of the Ghent University, conducted an experiment in a sample of 239 young women to determine whether their views about smoking and drinking in young men matched the predictions of evolutionary psychology. Women read descriptions of individual young men, including a summary of their personalities and favorite activities.The description of the young men’s smoking and drinking habits were varied randomly as low, moderate, or heavy. Women rated their perceptions of the young men’s behavior in terms of healthiness and riskiness, and whether they thought they were more interested in short-term or long-term relationships. Finally, the women rated how attractive they found the men as short-term and long-term relationship partners.The young women in this study rated the same men as more attractive short-term relationship partners when they were depicted as occasional smokers and as occasional or heavy drinkers, compared with non-smokers and non-drinkers. For long-term relationships, on the other hand, women preferred non-smokers and found heavy drinkers less desirable than non-drinkers (although they still preferred moderate drinkers). The women also rated risky smoking and drinking behavior as strong indicators of the men’s healthiness, risk-taking personality, and their relationship preferences (women thought that heavy smokers and heavy drinkers were more likely to prefer casual relationships).A second study surveying 171 young men confirmed that the young women were correct in their perceptions. Young men who smoked or drank heavily were more interested in short-term rather relationships, and less interested in long-term ones, than those whose health behaviors were less risky.Vincke concluded that tobacco and alcohol use may be part of an evolutionarily-driven short-term mating strategy for young men and that, based on the attractiveness ratings made by young women, this strategy may be successful. The author suggests that risk-taking behavior may be a signal of desirable genetic material, even though risks are demonstrably dangerous for health in the long term. Deciding whether these risks are worth taking for the sake of increased attractiveness remains a question up to each young man to answer.“Not only do these findings show that emphasizing the physical harmful effects of cigarettes and alcohol in order to prevent the unhealthy behaviors might not be effective. It may even turn out to be contra productive,” Vincke wrote. Share on Twitter Sharecenter_img LinkedIn Share on Facebook Pinterestlast_img read more

Why are blacks at higher risk for cognitive impairment?

first_imgLinkedIn Share Share on Facebook Pinterest Share on Twittercenter_img Social and economic disadvantages play a significant role in why blacks face a much higher risk than whites of developing cognitive impairment later in life, indicates a national study led by a Michigan State University sociologist.The odds that blacks will develop cognitive impairment, including dementia, in later life were 2.52 times greater than the odds for whites. Much of that racial disparity was explained by childhood disadvantages, such as growing up poor and in the segregated South, and lower socioeconomic status in adulthood, particularly educational attainment.Surprisingly, racial differences in health problems, such as heart disease and diabetes, and health behaviors, such as smoking and drinking, did not explain much of the racial gap in cognitive impairment, said Zhenmei Zhang, MSU associate professor of sociology. While the findings do not fully explain blacks’ higher risk of cognitive impairment, they point to a strong need for policymakers to focus more on reducing racial gaps in socioeconomic resources over the lifespan, she said. The federally funded study is published in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.“Social policies such as increasing educational resources in low-income communities, providing economic support to poor students and their families, improving graduation rates in high schools and colleges, and eliminating discrimination against blacks in the job market may significantly reduce racial disparities in cognitive impairment in later life,” Zhang said.Zhang and colleagues analyzed survey data from 8,946 participants in the Health and Retirement Study. The information was collected in multiple waves over a 12-year period (1998-2010); participants were aged 65 or older at the start of the study.Once the researchers took into account the various socioeconomic factors, which include childhood disadvantages, the odds ratio of cognitive impairment between blacks and whites – or the racial gap – was reduced considerably, from 2.52 to 1.45. That means socioeconomic factors explained a significant amount of the racial gap.Cognitive impairment among the elderly is a growing problem – spending on dementia care alone exceeds $100 billion a year in the United States – but it hits blacks particularly hard, Zhang noted. The Alzheimer’s Association has identified Alzheimer’s disease among blacks as an emerging public health crisis.“As people live longer and longer, it becomes an even bigger issue,” Zhang said. Emaillast_img read more

Study: Attitudes toward women key in higher rates of sexual assault by athletes

first_imgEmail An online study of male undergraduates shows that more than half of study participants on intercollegiate and recreational athletic teams – and more than a third of non-athletes – reported engaging in sexual coercion, including rape. The increased risk of sexual coercion by athletes was linked to “traditional” beliefs about women and a higher belief in rape “myths,” which are used to justify sexual assault.Previous research has shown that male college athletes are more likely than college students in general to commit sexual violence or engage in sexual coercion. In 2011, the U.S. Department of Education called for colleges and universities to institute efforts to educate athletes and address sexual violence.“We wanted to know what these programs need to address,” says Sarah Desmarais, an associate professor of psychology at North Carolina State University and co-author of a paper on the recent study. “What are the factors that contribute to these higher rates of sexual assault? And are these issues confined to intercollegiate athletes, or do they extend to club and intramural athletes?” Share LinkedIn Share on Facebookcenter_img Share on Twitter Pinterest For this study, the researchers surveyed online 379 male undergraduates: 191 non-athletes, 29 intercollegiate athletes and 159 recreational athletes. The study was conducted by researchers at NC State, the University of South Florida, Northern Arizona University and Emory University.Study participants were asked about their sexual behavior, their attitudes toward women, and the degree to which they believed in rape myths.“We found that 54.3 percent of the intercollegiate and recreational athletes and 37.9 percent of non-athletes had engaged in sexually coercive behaviors – almost all of which met the legal definition of rape,” Desmarais says.“As high as these numbers are, they may actually under-represent the rates of sexual coercion, since the study relied on self-reported behavior,” Desmarais says.Non-athletes were much less likely to believe in rape myths, such as that if a woman is drunk or doesn’t fight back, it isn’t rape. And non-athletes were less likely to harbor more traditional, and frequently negative, beliefs about women, such as that “Women should worry less about their rights and more about becoming good wives and mothers.”In addition, the researchers found that there was no difference between recreational and intercollegiate athletes in regard to their views toward women, belief in rape myths or sexual behavior.After analyzing the data, researchers found that belief in rape myths, and more traditional beliefs about women, played a key role in the increased likelihood that athletes would commit sexual assault.“This study shows how important it is to change these attitudes,” Desmarais says. “The ‘Attitudes Toward Women Scale’ used in the study was created in the 1970s, and includes some truly archaic, sexist items – and we still see these results today. That shows you how far we still have to go.”last_img read more

Study shows development of face recognition entails brain tissue growth

first_imgShare Share on Twitter “I would say it’s only in the last 10 years that psychologists started looking at children’s brains,” said Kalanit Grill-Spector, a professor of psychology at Stanford and senior author of both papers. “The issue is, kids are not miniature adults and their brains show that. Our lab studies children because there’s still a lot of very basic knowledge to be learned about the developing brain in that age range.”Grill-Spector and her team examined a region of the brain that distinguishes faces from other objects. In Cerebral Cortex, they demonstrate that brain regions that recognize faces have a unique cellular make-up. In Science, they find that the microscopic structures within the region change from childhood into adulthood over a timescale that mirrors improvements in people’s ability to recognize faces.“We actually saw that tissue is proliferating,” said Jesse Gomez, graduate student in the Grill-Spector lab and lead author of the Science paper. “Many people assume a pessimistic view of brain tissue: that tissue is lost slowly as you get older. We saw the opposite – that whatever is left after pruning in infancy can be used to grow.”Microscopic brain changesThe group studied regions of the brain that recognize faces and places, respectively, because knowing who you are looking at and where you are is important for everyday function. In adults, these parts of the brain are close neighbors, but with some visible structural differences.“If you could walk across an adult brain and you were to look down at the cells, it would be like walking through different neighborhoods,” Gomez said. “The cells look different. They’re organized differently.”Curious about the deeper cellular structures not visible by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the Stanford group collaborated with colleagues in the Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine, Research Centre Jülich, in Germany, who obtained thin tissue slices of post-mortem brains. Over the span of a year, this international collaboration figured out how to match brain regions identified with functional MRI in living brains with the corresponding brain slices. This allowed them to extract the microscopic cellular structure of the areas they scanned with functional MRI, which is not yet possible to do in living subjects. The microscopic images showed visible differences in the cellular structure between face and place regions.“There’s been this pipe dream in the field that we will one day be able to measure cellular architecture in living humans’ brains and this shows that we’re making progress,” said Kevin Weiner, a Stanford social science research associate, co-author of the Science paper and co-lead author of the Cerebral Cortex paper with Michael Barnett, a former research assistant in the lab.Neighborhoods of the brainThis work established that the two parts of the brain look different in adults, but Grill-Spector has been curious about these areas in brains of children, particularly because the skills associated with the face region improve through adolescence. To further investigate how development of these skills relates to brain development, the researchers used a new type of imaging technique.They scanned 22 children (ages 5 to 12) and 25 adults (ages 22 to 28) using two types of MRI, one that indirectly measures brain activity (functional MRI) and one that measures the proportion of tissue to water in the brain (quantitative MRI). This scan has been used to show changes in the fatty insulation surrounding the long neuronal wires connecting brain regions over a person’s lifetime, but this study is the first to use this method to directly assess changes in the cells’ bodies.What they found, published in Science, is that, in addition to seeing a difference in brain activity in these two regions, the quantitative MRI showed that a certain tissue in the face region grows with development. Ultimately, this development contributes to the tissue differences between face and place regions in adults. What’s more, tissue properties were linked with functional changes in both brain activity and face recognition ability, which they evaluated separately. There is no indication yet of which change causes the other or if they happen in tandem.A test bedBeing able to identify familiar faces and places, while clearly an important skillset, may seem like an odd choice for study. The reason these regions are worth some special attention, said Grill-Spector, is because we can identify them in each person’s brain, even a 5-year-old child, which means research on these regions can include large pools of participants and produce results that are easy to compare across studies. This research also has health implications, as approximately 2 percent of the adult population is poor at recognizing faces, a disorder sometimes referred to as facial blindness.What’s more, the fusiform gyrus, an anatomical structure in the brain that contains face-processing regions, is only found in humans and great apes (gorillas, chimps, bonobos and orangutans).“If you had told me five or 10 years ago that we’d be able to actually measure tissue growth in vivo, I wouldn’t have believed it,” Grill-Spector said. “It shows there are actual changes to the tissue that are happening throughout your development. I think this is fantastic.” Email LinkedIncenter_img Pinterest People are born with brains riddled with excess neural connections. Those are slowly pruned back until early childhood when, scientists thought, the brain’s structure becomes relatively stable.Now a pair of studies, published in the Jan. 6, 2017, issue of Science and Nov. 30, 2016, in Cerebral Cortex, suggest this process is more complicated than previously thought. For the first time, the group found microscopic tissue growth in the brain continues in regions that also show changes in function.The work overturns a central thought in neuroscience, which is that the amount of brain tissue goes in one direction throughout our lives – from too much to just enough. The group made this finding by looking at the brains of an often-overlooked participant pool: children. Share on Facebooklast_img read more

Are selfie pictures related to personality characteristics?

first_imgEmail Share Can you predict a person’s personality just by analyzing one of their selfies?In a new study published in Frontiers in Psychology, researchers examined Slovenians students selfie photos and found some differences between male and female selfies. Men were more likely to be centered in their selfies, while women tended to be more expressive in their selfies. Women were also more likely to tilt their heads and smile than men.But the researchers found no evidence that the characteristics of a selfie photo could be used to predict personality traits like narcissism, extraversion, openness, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and neuroticism. Share on Facebook Share on Twittercenter_img PsyPost interviewed the study’s corresponding author, Bojan Musil of University of Maribor. Read his responses below:PsyPost: Why were you interested in this topic?Musil: Obviously, in just short time selfies became popular (http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2013/11/word-of-the-year-2013-winner/), dangerous (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/selfie-deaths-shark-attacks_us_5602c0c5e4b0fde8b0d09cbe), quite bizarre (https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/mar/30/briton-ben-innes-posed-selfie-egyptair-hijacker-praised-by-relatives), and fostered legal debates with our animal relatives (http://www.peta.org/blog/monkey-selfie-case-headed-u-s-court-appeals/).However, seriously, our interest in selfies was some sort of side effect and at the same time a next step from our previous research on the impact of videos or photos, depicted with webcams, on self-reflection. Since those results indicated a trend that webcam self-portrait photos had some (limited) effect on decrease in public states of self-consciousness, we thought about different a format of pictures, self-portrait photos, in different social situations and their relations to some psychological variables.Selfies were quite an obvious logical choice – as in all forms of self-portraits, the main actor in the picture is at the same time the creator of the picture, but with the embedment of IT appliances and applications in our everyday lives (or better mutual immersion of humans and technology) the production of selfies became enormously widespread and convenient. Additionally, selfies are often shared on social networks, which could be of great interest especially from the dynamics of potential self-presentation strategies. What should the average person take away from your study?First of all, some elements or cues of selfie pictures can be quite reliably categorized or classified, while for some other elements it is better to use additional tools for analyzing pictures. For example, eye contact, context and social distance of the actor in the selfie are quite intuitive elements of selfies; but to determine the exact head position on the picture, potential tilt of the body or tilt of the head of the actor of the selfie it is advisable to use dome image processing software. And, to determine the exact position of the camera of the author of the selfie is almost mission impossible. Second, there are some distinct gender-based characteristics – female selfies are generally more expressive comparatively to male selfies. Women more consistently express positive mood, are more prone to tilt their heads and show dominantly left or right side of the face.Lastly, from the elements of the selfie pictures it is hard to determine any relations with personality characteristics of selfie authors. To say, ok, according to this element of the picture we can surely predict that the author of the selfie is high on extraversion, different dimensions oh narcissism or femininity. Selfies are probably just ordinary artifacts of contemporary societies, where technology plays essential role in everyday lives and in that sense our research contributes to more objective debate on this particular phenomenon and shatter the widespread, everyday, intuitive idea of ascribed pathological nature of selfies.Are there any major caveats? What questions still need to be addressed?We analyzed only one selfie photo per participant, and our sample was specific with its relatively small number of participants and very narrow age range (students). Consequently, conclusions and generalizations are limited in scope. On the other hand, participants in our research were informed about the selfie concept and had the chance to freely choose their selfie for the analysis. In this regard, they were more active in the research design – they had the opportunity to reflect on and select an image that they consider a prototype of the concept of the selfie. Our research is thus distinct from studies which harvest images from the web, where researchers usually rely on the hash tags #selfie, #me or similar.Another limitation of our research involves the analysis of effects in selfies that could potentially influence some aspects of coding (for example categories of background, frame of the picture or mood), but this could be of particular importance especially for the context of selfie analysis as impression formation, which was outside of the scope of this particular research. We also didn’t analyze some very subjective cues of the selfie photos, such as the attraction of the person on the selfie.Probably from the cues of only one selfie photo it is hard to determine distinct personality characteristics, so more elaborate analysis with more pictures is needed and inclusion of the whole context in the background (discourse) – such as selfie creation and its placement in particular social networks or other mediated modes of social relations. So, more complex (qualitative in the nature) investigation is needed. In that sense, our investigation was closer to the controlled (laboratory) setting, where we excluded the story behind specific selfie in the context of social media or other social relations.Is there anything else you would like to add?If you take care of yourself and others while taking the selfie, beware of the sharks (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/selfie-deaths-shark-attacks_us_5602c0c5e4b0fde8b0d09cbe).The study, “What Is Seen Is Who You Are: Are Cues in Selfie Pictures Related to Personality Characteristics?“, was also co-authored by Andrej Preglej, Tadevž Ropert, Lucia Klasinc and Nenad Čuš Babič. Pinterest LinkedInlast_img read more

Sharing selfies on Instagram might influence a person’s happiness with life, study suggests

first_imgA new study found that people who actively share selfies on Instagram may have a higher satisfaction with life. The findings, published in Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies, correlated people’s happiness with receiving immediate social rewards such as likes and positive comments.“Social media technology has become a key influencer of psychological aspects of human emotions, such as well-being… Past research has revealed mixed findings relating to the relationship between the use of [Social Networking Sites] and well-being,” said author Julie Maclean and colleagues.The study advertised a survey on several social media platforms, which asked questions such as photo-sharing history on Instagram and the user’s overall well-being. In this study, well-being was defined as how much a person believes they are happy with their life. LinkedIn Email Share Share on Twittercenter_img Pinterest Share on Facebook Overall, 373 responses were collected from users who actively share photos on Instagram; 22.6% of responses were from men and 77.1% were from women. One person declined to provide gender information. About 73% of respondents were younger than 25-years-old, which the authors said aligned with Instagram’s user demographics.Results showed a positive link between the number of selfies shared online and a person’s well-being. This association was not seen in pictures that were anything but the user’s face. Greater life satisfaction was also seen in people who received positive social rewards such as likes and positive comments on their selfies. In addition, happiness was linked to a selfie that had received a lot of likes and positive comments.Well-being did not decline when a person’s photo had negative comments and/or few likes. Based on the results, the authors conclude that positive and negative social rewards influence a person’s well-being differently.The authors acknowledged several study limitations. Responses were collected only from users who actively shared photos. This excluded video-sharing users or users who passively post photos. Additionally, photo-sharing history was self-reported, which could have led some users to incorrectly recall information. Despite the limitations, the authors suggest that the data could help improve future developments for social media platforms.“Future [Social Networking Sites] technology enhancements should leverage the social rewards concept to allow increased levels of online interactions from photo sharing, particularly in relation to sharing photos of oneself, which seem to correlate with the highest levels of social rewards.”The study “Instagram photo sharing and its relationships with social rewards and well-being”, was authored by Julie Maclean, Yeslam Al-Saggaf, and Rachel Hogg.(Image by Luis Wilker Perelo WilkerNet from Pixabay)last_img read more

H1N1 FLU BREAKING NEWS: Continuing H1N1 in Alabama, vaccine distribution, disease traits

first_imgMar 1, 2010Alabama officials cite continuing H1N1Pandemic H1N1 flu hasn’t ebbed as much as anticipated in Alabama, according to public health officials there. Although frequency was higher in the fall than it is currently, cases are still occurring across the state, and there were three deaths in February, a pattern unlike previous flu epidemics. The state ran a large school immunization program earlier in the winter, but school absences in the state remain higher than the typical 5%.http://www.tuscaloosanews.com/article/20100301/NEWS/100229483/0/APN?p=1&tc=pgMar 1 Tuscaloosa News storyLA County notes uneven vaccine distributionPubic health data show that the H1N1 influenza vaccine was distributed unevenly across Los Angeles County, with the north and south sides getting disproportionately less, according to an LA Times story today. The reason for the disparity primarily lies in the lower number of healthcare providers in those areas, which translates into fewer requests for vaccine, county health officials said. They admitted that some of the efforts to ensure equal access to vaccine failed.http://www.latimes.com/features/health/la-me-h1n1-supply1-2010mar01,0,5487898.storyMar 1 LA Times storyPneumonia worse with H1N1 vs seasonal fluPandemic H1N1 flu virus has the intrinsic ability to cause more severe pneumonia than seasonal H1N1 flu, concludes a study in the Journal of Infectious Diseases. This ability is a key measure of a flu virus’s pandemic potential. The researchers inoculated ferrets intratracheally—to model influenza pneumonia in humans—with pandemic H1N1, seasonal H1N1, or highly pathogenic H5N1 virus. Findings showed the pandemic virus to cause pneumonia intermediate in severity between the other viruses.http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/651132?rssFeb 26 JID study abstractHow H1N1 transmits in householdsAn April 2009 outbreak of pandemic H1N1 flu in a New York City high school, reported in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, had an 11.3% attack rate of flu-like illness among household contacts. Protective factors were older age, antiviral prophylaxis, and having a family discussion of flu. Risk factors in parents included caring for the index patient and, in siblings, watching TV with the patient. Half the secondary illnesses occurred within 3 days of the index patient’s onset of illness.http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/651145?rssFeb 25 JID study abstractStudy: 40% of kids with H1N1 otherwise healthyCanada’s IMPACT monitoring program has reported that, in the first wave of the pandemic (May-August 2009), 324 cases involving hospitalization occurred in the country’s children. Of 235 for whom case details were available, 69% were older than 2, with a median age of 4.8; 40% were previously healthy; 50% received antivirals; and two died. The data show the disease course and risk groups affected to be similar to those for seasonal flu but use of antivirals to be higher.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.02.044?rssFeb 26 Vaccine articlelast_img read more